CGIL Milan is Union organization, funded in 1891, which historical aim was to engage for the application of the rights of workers and citizens. Since the beginning of the 20th century it has developed a widespread presence and range of services in the regional territories, that can be considered as unique in Europe. This presence has been improved in the 80s , with the development of help desks for the free legal guardianship in the territory ( legal aid desks, Inca patronages, SPI, fiscal services) and the promotion of different associative agents and services . Thanks to its widespread presence, Cgil has gained a particular attention and active presence in the territories , developing the awareness on the importance of placing side by side Cgil traditional work negotiation with the social and human rights negotiation, in order to connect the rights to work to the citizenship rights.
CGIL departments of immigration and social politics, that will collaborate in the coordination of this project , have born at the beginning of the 90s, with the aim of placing side by side specific services of individual legal tutorship with projects and actions of socio-political nature, in order to promote collective actions for the tutorship of the citizenship rights of the most marginalized groups of society. Their action follows two intervention strategies:
– the individual tutorship realized by the social aid desks
– the collective action and negotiation area.
This last area of intervention has the aim of turning the needs expressed at the desks into initiatives, actions , campaigns and projects aimed at fighting the exclusion and the violation of rights of the most vulnerable groups of society, and to promote actions for their social inclusion.
The immigration department deals with the problems of the migrants, asylum seekers and foreign citizens,and provide them a collection of focused services for supporting the respect of their rights and their right to social and working inclusion. At individual level, the department offers the following services: free legal guidance on migrant rights and laws, free assistance for the applications related to the residency permit and citizenship application in Italy, free work legal aid, orientation and guidance to the social services of the territory. The department has also activated a specific services for the promotion and legal support of asylum seekers and refugees, in collaboration with CIR, the italian Councilor of refugees. From an estimation of the single contacts welcomed and assisted by the different desks of the department, the people supported by our services are over 10.000 a year in our provincial territory. Through the collaboration with CIR, the immigration department has assisted and supported at legal and social level hundreds of migrants and asylum seekers arrived in Milan during the “Arab spring” and Siria civil war.
Since 2011 the department has been promoter of numerous anti-discriminatory lawsuits , due to racism and xenophobia and institutional discrimination. The department is composed by 5 full-time employees and 12 collaborators , 65 territorial delegates and 25 volunteers that operate on the whole provincial territory. Since 2011 the immigration department has been promoter of numerous anti-discriminatory lawsuits , due to racism and xenophobia and institutional discrimination. After the tragic events of last october in Lampedusa the department has been one of the promoter of a platform , shared with different national associations that claims the definition of a national protocol aimed at: the creation of efficient system of reception of the migrants, the institution of humanitarian passages for the refugees, the reform of the law regarding asylum, the contrast of human being a traffic.
The social politics department deals with social disadvantage in the territory and in the places of work, and promotes observatories, tables, projects, activities and campaigns for removing the causes of discrimination and social marginalization of most vulnerable groups ( Roma, LGBT,detained and ex-detained etc), in order to protect their rights. Its subject matters are: discrimination, social marginalization, imprisonment, alcoholism, drug and new forms of addiction, handicap, mental health and mobbing. In 2013, 700 people turned to the services of the department, 452 of them have been followed and supported by CGIL. The department is composed by 3 full time employees and 8 collaborators, and can count on a net of 60 territorial delegates and 20 volunteers that operate on the provincial territory.
Cgil is a non profit organization, and its source of finance comes from the annual membership cards of its members and donations. Thanks to its structure, range of services and territorial representativity, Cgil Milan is one of the principle associative actors in Milan, and has played an important role in the organization of joint interventions among civil society associatios, campaigns, tables with the other associations and ngos of Milan, with the aim of promoting the rights of the most vulnerable groups and propose innovative social politics. Among the other activities, department is promoter and coordinator of the Roma table , in which all the associations dealing with Roma minority meet periodically for analyzing and discussing the politics implemented for promoting Roma rights and inclusion in Lumbardy and Milan area. The work promoted by the table has led in 2009 to the publication of a report on the possible politics to implement for promoting Roma rights and inclusion (“Possible interventions and politics for Roma and Sinti in Milan”) and to a national conference and , in 2013, to a joint document of proposals that has presented to the Municipality of Milan. In years 2004 and 2006 the department has implemented a training project with national police officers on the rights of the lesbian, gay, bisexual and transgender people.
The aim of the project was training the officers on the LGBT rights and rights violation, in order to promote awareness on the theme and encourage the implementation of good practices in the handling of the cases.
KISA is a NGO, established in 1998, and its vision is the promotion of an all-inclusive, multicultural society, free of racism, xenophobia and discrimination and where, through the interaction and mutual respect of diverse cultures, there will be equality and respect for the rights of all, irrespective of race, nationality or ethnicity, colour, creed or beliefs, gender, sexual preference or orientation, age, inability or any other diversity.
KISA’s action is focused on the fields of Migration, Asylum, Racism, Discrimination and Trafficking, and it includes awareness-raising of the Cypriot society as well as lobbying in order to influence the legal and structural framework, the policies and practices in these fields. KISA operates a Migrant and Refugee Centre that provides free information, support, advocacy and mediation services to migrants, refugees, victims of trafficking and racism / discrimination and ethnic minorities in general, as well as promotion of the integration, empowerment and self-organisation of migrants and refugees. The combination of activities of social intervention and the operation of services as well as the strong ties with the migrant and refugee communities enable KISA to have a very accurate and updated picture about the realities in the areas of its mandate.
KISA´s long established expertise on migration, asylum, trafficking and anti-discrimination issues is also evident from its recognition as an organisation with credibility, professionalism and experience in implementing European programmes, such as EQUAL, ERF, EIF, PROGRESS, DAPHNE, Prevention of and Fight against Crime Programme of DG for Justice, Freedom and Security, MIPEX, MRIP, as well as research projects implemented on behalf of and/or in cooperation with European agencies, NGOs and other organisations, such as the Fundamental Rights Agency (Separated Children), DG for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities, SEN (Network of Socio-Economic Experts in the Non-Discrimination Field), MRG (Minority Rights Group), IOM (International Organization for Migration), the British Council, and others.
KISA cooperates with various other stakeholders and independent institutions related to its scope and objectives at national and European level such as the Office of the Commissioner for Administration and Protection of Human Rights (Ombudswoman), particularly the Body Against Discrimination and Racism, the Commissioner for Children’s Rights, the European Committee Against Racism and Intolerance (ECRI), the Human Rights Commissioner of the Council of Europe and the Group of Experts on Action Against Trafficking in Human Beings (GRETA).
KISA is also a very active member of European and international NGOs and networks such as the EIF (European Integration Forum), ENAR (European Network Against Racism), PICUM (Platform for International Cooperation on Undocumented Migrants, EAPN (European Antipoverty Network), EMHRN (Euro Mediterranean Human Rights Network), UNITED for Intercultural Action, Migreurope, FRA (Fundamental Rights Platform) and others.
Lunaria is, according to the current Italian legislation, an Association for Social Promotion. It was created in 1992, and since then it is a non governmental body, autonomous from religious and political affiliations and not-profit. Lunaria promotes the “principles of justice, social and economical solidarity, democratic participation to the life of the community, promotion of the civil, social and human rights both at national and international level” (art. 3 of the Constitution Chart). In order to contribute to the achievements of such principles, the organisation developes research, training, communication and consultancy actions in the following fields:
• international economy, third sector and ethical finance;
• immigration, fight to racism and social exclusion;
• international voluntary service and youth exchanges.
Since 1996 Lunaria has been promoting research activities, awareness campaigns and information initiatives on migrations and racism. All our activities are supported by an intensive work of networking at local, national and European level. Lunaria works in partnership with national and international associations and networks. Among the national ones, we are member of Asgi, we join the Italian Coalition for Civil Rights and Freedom (Cild), the Carta di Roma association concerning a proper information on migration and minorities. Furthermore Lunaria join LasciateCIEntrare, a campaign for the closure of the Centres of Identification and Expulsion, and promotes, together with 18 national civil society organisation, L’Italia sono anch’io, a national campaign aimed at the recognition of the right of immigrants to vote in local elections and the reform of our law on citizenship.
Research and social analysis are considered as fundamental instruments to support initiatives and campaigns aimed to defend immigrants’ rights, against discriminations and xenophobia, and to promote alternative but sustainable policies.
In 2011 Lunaria has launched Cronachediordinariorazzismo.org, a new website devoted to the analysis, information and communication on racism. It is managed by Lunaria in cooperation with individuals, associations and movements that fight for equal opportunities and for the guarantee of citizenship rights for all. An online database discloses the synthetic narration of cases of discrimination in our society and in the world of information, politics and within our institutions.
International Voluntary Service
Every year, Lunaria sends over 400 Italian volunteers to international voluntary service short-term initiatives abroad and facilitates the hosting of as many foreign volunteers in its initiatives carried out in co-operation with local partners in Italy. This is possible thanks to the co-operation with several associations belonging to the umbrella structure of the Alliance of the European Voluntary Service Organisations, of which Lunaria is member. This network gathers more than 50 bodies that promote international voluntary service world-wide. On the Italian side Lunaria co-operates with several local governments and socially-oriented associations willing to include a short-term project of voluntary service with international volunteers in their activities. We are engaged in the promotion of long and medium-term voluntary service such as the EU’s European Voluntary Service for young people and the promotion of individual and collective projects for adults and senior volunteers, for which we have awarded the 2007 European Commission’s Grundtvig’s best European project.
Youth Policies and Non-formal Education
We promote youth training, exchanges and initiatives at local, national and European level. Lunaria projects are based on the idea that learning can be conceived as a lifelong process, developed with different tools and methods. Our projects are designed as tools that facilitate the achievement of new, theoretical, practical and relational skills. These are key cross-cultural competences: the ability to work in a group, to interact with others, to learn languages and exchange knowledge in a horizontal manner and based on mutual exchange. Peer education – knowledge and experiences exchange among peers – and learning by doing – the acquisition of new skills through direct and concrete participation, are two key elements in our vocational approach.
Since the year 2000, Lunaria has been co-ordinating the campaign Sbilanciamoci! which brings together 48 Italian non-profit , peace, human rights, environment, fair trade, ethical finance organisations, www.sbilanciamoci.org. The campaign publishes yearly reports, meets policy makers, organises conferences to promote a different use of public resources and new role of public actors in the economy. It analyses and reviews the choices of the national Government when composing the state budget and put forth, in yearly reports, amendment proposals for MPs from the point of view and the areas of interest of the campaign’s member civil society NGOs. During ten years of activity, the campaign elaborated research tools, critical analysis and proposal that are the essential part of its activity of information, politic pressure and mobilisation and it has published 20 reports of national diffusion (10 on Italy’s State Budget; 8 on QUARS, the regional index on alternative quality of life indicators elaborated by Sbilanciamoci!; 1 on the war in Iraq, 4 on development co-operation, 2 on military expenditure), has organised over 20 national conferences and conventions, has promoted more then 200 local initiatives, such as seminars or debates; moved 57 amendments to through the MPs supporting the campaign.
The Organization for Aid to Refugees (OPU) is a nongovernmental organization, which has a 24-year-long experience with providing social and legal aid to asylum seekers and beneficiaries of international protection in the Czech Republic. The main goal of the organization in the legal field is to provide high-quality legal counseling for asylum seekers and to help improve the situation of refugees seeking protection in the Czech Republic. OPU identifies gaps in the law and tries to ensure that laws and policies in the area of international protection do not violate human rights, while laws are interpreted and enforced properly. The intention of OPU is to support democratization processes and further advancement of legislative changes in the area of refugees, asylum seekers and foreigners, and to strengthen the civil society. Considering the further development of the Common European Asylum System, OPU is following the proper transposition of the EU law into the national legislation and the application of primary EU law concerning international protection.
OPU regularly visits all facilities where asylum seekers are staying in the Czech Republic and has therefore an overall understanding about the refugee status determination procedure and about the reception conditions in the Czech Republic. OPU regularly visits all reception centers for asylum seekers in the Czech Republic and also the detention center in Bela Jezova and special centers for unaccompanied minors seeking asylum under the responsibility of the Ministry of Education. OPU lawyers provide counseling regarding the asylum procedure, procedure on entry to the territory, detention procedure, expulsion procedure, Dublin procedure, family reunification procedure, while after individual identification, in strong asylum cases, OPU provides complete legal representation throughout the proceedings at the Ministry of Interior and court instances with a special focus on vulnerable asylum seekers. OPU social workers provide social counseling regarding health care, social benefits system, access to education etc.
The Organization for Aid to Refugees, since its foundation in 1991, has carried out many sociocultural activities, e.g. conferences, seminars, round-tables, media meetings, political campaigns on regional, national and European level and meetings with citizens, artists and students. The aim of these projects is to inspire the public to a widespread discussion on topics such as human rights, racism, anti-Semitism or tolerance. An important part of the OPU´s work is education and training to children, young people as well as the adults. On top of that OPU encourages critical thinking and civil/communal responsibility. OPU is a founding member of the national platform of 18 migrant assisting NGOs called Consortium as well as a member of the European Council on Refugees and Exiles (ECRE).
SOS Racisme Catalunya is a non profit, non-governmental organization (NGO) established in 1989 and based in Barcelona, that focus its actions in the fight against racism and xenophobia, defending the equality in rights and opportunities for all people who live together and share the same society (www.sosracisme.org).
Since 1995 SOS Racisme Catalunya has been running the Support and Complaint Services for victims of racism and xenophobia (SAiD). This is a unique service in Catalonia, which provides free legal advice and comprehensive social support to those people who have been victims of racism and xenophobia. The goal of the Service is the restitution of rights and the dignity of people who have been victims of racist and xenophobic acts. SAiD is a key line of work in our action against racism and xenophobia. From 2004 to 2014 the Service has given support to more than 7,000 people (http://www.sosracisme.org/said). SAiD team – composed by social workers, lawyers and activists – provides the victim with integral care, keeping in mind their social and psychological situation.
In 2013 SOS Racisme established –in collaboration with University of Girona– the Observatory on Racist and Xenophobic Policies in Catalonia (www.oprax.cat). OPRAX coordinates the information gathering on cases of hate crimes and hate speech from anti-racist organizations working in Catalan municipalities. Periodically, it produces reports in which analyzes the collected information on racist and xenophobic practices and discourses performed in Catalonia.
SOS Racisme runs public awareness campaigns and develops other communication actions to change the common discriminatory attitudes in the society. Moreover, every year it publishes the Annual Report on Racism in Catalonia (http://www.sosracisme.org/newsletter/documentacio-lestat-del-racisme-a-catalunya-informe-2013), which is the only document edited periodically on the situation of racism and xenophobia in the Catalonia.
SOS Racisme Catalunya belongs to the SOS Racism Federation in Spain.
SOS Racismo /SOS Arrazakeria Gipuzkoa is a grass root, non-profit, antiracist, democratic, multiethnic, progressive and internationalist organization, in which everyone has the same rights and obligations. It belongs to the SOS Racism Federation in Spain and holds its Secretariat. It was formally founded in 1993 with the aim to fight all forms of discrimination and segregation based on skin color, ethnicity or cultural background. Whether this discrimination is on an individual, group or institutional level we demand tolerance, respect and understanding with equal rights for all. We see cultural diversity in a positive light and defend the freedom of expression of each individual or group in our society. We strongly support all types of cultural exchanges and practices, which promote contact between local people, immigrants and minority groups. We develop the following programs and activities:
The attention and advising office holds the program to support migrants in legal and administrative procedures in order to provide them information, advice and tools for the complete fulfillment of their rights and social integration. A specific attention is given to migrant women and to underage and young separated migrant people.
The program of denounce aims to make public those practices and normative that suppose a violation of human rights and fights against ideas and different expressions of racism and xenophobia, through the publication of reports, memories and articles, participation on Medias, legal actions and formal complaints or mobilization and reclaiming actions. The Annual Report on Racism and Xenophobia and the March against Racism and Xenophobia are two of the milestones of this program.
The Center of Studies and Documentation on Racism and Xenophobia –Mugak is directed to provide tools to agents and associative movements who work in this field. The Diversity Observatory on Medias realizes a following of the treatment of migration in Medias, elaborates periodical analyses, reports on specific issues and keeps tools such as the Daily Review that is sent daily to thousands of subscribers or the on-line directory on migrants sources.
The awareness program promotes the social, political and cultural integration of migrant people, avoiding culture as a tool of social exclusion. It promotes the equality of rights, the recognition of citizenship, the respect. It promotes good practices that favor relationship, exchange between native people, migrants and minorities. The activities on this area are organization of meetings, seminars and conferences, participation in debates and round tables, Publication of the Mugak review, networking and street actions, Anti-rumors network and Next door family project.
The Antiracist Education Program seeks to make young people aware of the migrants’ reality and rights and to promote the acceptation and welcome of the ‘other’, his/her humanization and the demand and defense of his rights in terms of equality. We offer teaching guides, photo exhibitions, film forums and talks to be used in class.
European multidisciplinary projects on specific issues as fighting hate speech or hate crimes.
The Observatory on racism and diversities is a laboratory of the Educational Department of the University Roma 3 established in 1993 by Professor Maria Grazia Favara and Alfonso Di Nola. Since 2003, the Observatory extended the area of its activities, building a public arena where scholars, social workers and independent researchers carry on and discus researches about racism in contemporary society, focusing on the different types of discrimination and on the possibilities for building anti-discrimination policies and culture. The Observatory is engaged in research and didactic activities about ethnic and racial studies, revisited in a critical perspective, and expanded to all those issues – i.e. gender studies and disability studies – in which human diversities became the target of biopolitics.
Using this theoretical framework, the Observatory promotes and realizes projects aiming at providing documentary evidences and analyses of all the new form of racism we have to face in contemporary society, such as those happening in the social media, in the policies and in the every-day practices of the public bodies and in the exclusion or reclusion in urban spaces.
Didactic and research activities are realized both within the University, as part of the standard classes, or thematic seminar and conference, and in cooperation whit local and national authorities and NGOs, whit the goal of disseminating a cultural awareness in the institutions and in civil society organizations. For this purpose, the Observatory has constant relations with NGOS and other Universities, and has stipulated an agreement of co-operation with the Prefecture of Rome, one of the most important Law enforcement Authorities of the city dealing with migrants and foreign citizens.
The staff of the Observatory is composed by:
coordinator: Francesco Pompeo, anthropologist
members: Michela Fusaschi, anthropologist; Luca Tedesco, historian; Ulderico Daniele, anthropologist, Andrea Priori, anthropologist; Anna Matteocci, anthropologist, Valentina Vitale, anthropologist, Anna Fusco di Ravello, sociologist; Massimiliano Casali, anthropologist; Marco Burgalassi, sociologist.